Equipment for all types of crisis situations should be planned in advance and placed in a bag (also called Bug out bag) whose contents can be also used as a reserve in all circumstances. Although, until the recent earthquakes in Croatia, the usual idea of an emergency kit was that it was almost unnecessary, very rarely or never used, after all the problems that have arisen recently, we realized that it is a very useful “tool”.

Especially when we realized that emergency situations occur suddenly, without warning, and without enough time to take action before fleeing the dangerous area. In addition, due to increased pace of life, travel, relocation, and similar reasons, it is always useful to have on hand, for example, copies of important documents, spare batteries, and similar things that can be used in everyday circumstances and when there is no danger.

In this section, we will provide descriptions and sometimes tests of different kits and equipment to help in crisis situations…

Contents of the survival kit in case of a disaster:

The kit or bag should contain basic personal documents, items listed in the list, should be of small dimensions, made of waterproof material, and should be kept in a safe and easily accessible place:

  • List of important phone numbers (on paper)
  • First aid kit (make your own kit and see advice HERE)
  • Medications for chronic patients (therapy that you need to take every day)
  • Spare glasses and lenses
  • Money (cash)
  • Copies of all important documents (can also be used in case of loss)
  • Mobile phones and chargers (additional battery for charging, if you have a GPS handheld device or watch with navigation option)
  • Spare keys to the house and car
  • Personal hygiene kit
  • Pen and paper
  • Swiss army knife or hunting knife, multitool, strong adhesive tape, whistle, etc.
  • Matches and lighters
  • Sturdy shoes and spare clothes
  • Flashlight with spare batteries
  • Radio with spare batteries or inductive charging
  • Water in a bottle (consumption of 2 liters per person per day)
  • Canned and non-perishable food (can opener, cutlery)
  • Food and sweets with longer shelf life
  • (Baby food, pet food)
  • (Covers and spare clothes, if possible)
  • (If you have other equipment such as handheld radios, etc.

It is good to prepare in advance for a disaster:

  • Make your own plan for emergency situations. Talk to your family members, agree on how to contact each other in such situations, which way to go, where to meet, and what to do in crisis situations (a list of contacts and important numbers, besides in your phone, it is also good to have it on paper).
  • Inform yourself about plans for disaster situations at your workplace, school, and other institutions that your children attend, and where other household members stay.
  • Determine a meeting place that must be well known and provide safety to all family members.

Various kits and equipment used to help in emergency situations in the household will be described separately:

  • Household medicine cabinet and first aid kit
  • Bag with a complete first aid kit
  • Fire extinguishers (learn how to use them)
  • Smoke and gas sensors (professionally installed)
  • Mobile phones and apps (learn how to send your location, as well as basic crisis communication)
  • Battery chargers, battery packs, solar chargers
  • Handheld flashlights
  • Radio receivers (battery operated or with a hand crank for inductor power)
  • Handheld radios (“walkie-talkies”)
  • Survival navigation kits (compass, maps)
  • GPS navigation equipment (like Garmin, Magellan, etc.)
  • Self-defense equipment (basic martial arts skills, various types of weapons, etc.)

In Croatia, most of us still don’t have a serious first aid kit at home. Although there are no recent studies on households’ readiness with first aid kits, according to available data, a small number of households in Croatia have taken basic measures to prepare for providing first aid in case of accidents at home.

All of us have standardized first aid kits (in Croatia that is norm HRN 1112) in our cars, regulated by laws (Road Traffic Safety Law) with prescribed penalties (otherwise we wouldn’t have them at all). It’s a different story at home. Home medicine cabinets often contain expired drugs, old first aid materials that are no longer sterile, or are incomplete.

On the other hand, there is no real choice of ready-made home first aid kits on the market (there are quite expensive kits for occupational safety), and what is available is often overpriced or poorly assembled. However, there are exceptions, and recently one well-known retail chain introduced a small, multi-purpose first aid kit to the market, priced at only 5 Euro. Even professionals do not always agree on the content of a home first aid kit, but it generally consists of similar contents.

  • Home first aid kit:
    Current medicine therapy you use
    Box of aspirin
    Thermometer
    Regularly check and replenish the kit as needed
    Check the expiration date and replace expired products
    First bandage 12 cm x 5 m with a pad 12 cm x 16 cm
    First bandage 8 cm x 3 m with a pad 9 cm x 11 cm
    Sterile hydrophilic gauze (10 x 10 cm)
    Calico bandage 8 cm x 5 m
    Calico bandage 4 cm x 5 m
    Bottle of disinfectant
    Bottle of hydrogen peroxide
    Aluplast for burns 80 cm x 50 cm
    Cold pack
    Sterile gauze pad 5 cm x 5 cm, 16 layers
    Sterile gauze pad 10 cm x 20 cm, 12 layers
    Band-Aids 10 cm x 8 cm, 5 pieces
    Self-adhesive tape 2.5 cm x 5 m
    Triangular cloth 100 cm x 100 cm x 140 cm
    Safety pins, 10 pieces
    Packet of sanitary cotton
    Scissors with rounded tip, 1 piece
    Disposable gloves (PVC)
    Rubber band for tightening
    Metalized polyester foil 150 cm x 200 cm
    Protective foil for artificial respiration
    List of contents of the home first aid kit
    Reminder for providing first aid

On the global market, there are general and specialized first aid kits like General home kit, travel and hiking, kit for the sea (boats), for burns, for traffic (car, motorcycle, or boat), etc.
So we will describe examples on those product as well.

Amog other things we are preparing review of the professional kits used by Emergency medical services, Croatian Mountain Rescue Service, Firefighters, Civil Protection and other emergency professionals.

The Croatian app Zuluhood, developed by the company Brombul, has become a global security hit. At the largest electronics trade show in the world in Las Vegas, the mobile app was presented as the “Uber for home security.”

This Croatian app is unique in that it offers a new way to ensure the safety of your home and family, allowing you to quickly and easily order the services of security guards or even utilize “your own forces” for your security needs.

With just one click on your mobile phone, you can order a home check service while you are away, conduct quick crisis communication within your family, or ask your friends for help in an emergency. When danger arises, your family becomes an organized Tribe, aided by trusted individuals called Watchers within the app, who can check what’s happening and even visit your apartment, house, or vacation home and send you a report.

Depending on your existing security equipment and preferences, licensed professional security guards can be hired to carry out these tasks, even appearing in the middle of the night, for example, to check your seaside vacation home, send you reports and photos, and, if necessary, protect the location until you arrive. Conversely, when you’re on vacation, someone can keep an eye on your apartment.

You can easily download the free Zuluhood application on your mobile device and simply register yourself, family members, and if desired, trustworthy friends, neighbors or other individuals. Currently in Croatia, you have access to professionals from three security agencies whose services may be needed in emergency situations, as well as for organizing events such as parties, weddings, and other occasions where discreetly maintaining order is necessary. Nevertheless, engagement of securitty companies through Zuluhood in other countries will be avelable as soon as possible.

If you already have security systems such as cameras, sensors, or other devices from the “smart home” category, you can include those features in the unified Zuluhood system among you, members of your “tribe,” your assistants, as well as professional security personnel, in such a way that you can quickly respond in case of need, rather than only later discovering that someone has caused you harm.

New practical services are also being prepared for this application, such as caring for elderly persons, and we will test all the possibilities and publish the results on the Sigurno.info website. You can find more information about the application HERE.

Among the best survival equipment lists have always been detailed military manuals.

Hikers, hunters, and all those who frequently spend time in nature already know how to survive in adverse conditions. However, it is well known that the military has elaborately developed procedures and written instructions for all situations and survival in all circumstances. Although you can find other short instructions on emergency kits on our pages, this is a compilation of various survival kits based on standard military instructions.

Military survival kits usually consist of several parts, which can be used separately or all together. It is clear that under normal circumstances, you cannot carry a backpack with survival equipment with you all day, and it does matter how heavy each part of the kit is, what small items you can always carry with you, and what to keep in your home or car. Therefore, planning is essential.

Parts of military survival kits:

1.Types of bags

The bag should be large enough to fit all parts of the kit, yet not too big and heavy to carry. It should be waterproof and easily accessible in case of a quick exit. Of course, there are also smaller bags that can be worn around the waist, in a business bag, or in a car, depending on the purpose and circumstances.

2.Water

This topic includes information on possible sources of drinking water, basic equipment for collecting, carrying and purifying water, and a range of products available on the market, about which more information, tests, and recommendations based on military standards will be provided on our website in the future.

3.Fire

For heating, drying clothes, and preparing food, a kit should include a lighter, waterproof matches, a striker, and similar ignition tools, as well as a magnifying glass that can also be used to start a fire on a sunny day. Study what can be used as fuel, how to start a fire in the absence of tools, and what else can help when you need a fire.

4. Shelter

The primary shelter is actually the clothes you have, and it is important to know how to choose a place to shelter, types of shelters, as well as natural shelters. In survival gear, an important part is preparing a shelter, such as a tent wing or nylon protection of the same purpose, climbing ropes, raincoats, lightweight blankets, but also auxiliary tools such as a stronger hunting knife, an ax or machete, a lightweight mosquito net, wire saw, and similar equipment.

5.Food

In addition to the usual part consisting of long lasting cans, energy bars, and similar products, the kit should also include eating utensils (military sets with utensils and a canteen are good), can openers, as well as equipment such as fishing hooks, aluminum foil, plastic bags, and other small items that can be used to prepare and store food in field conditions. Of course, instructions on how to survive without any prepared food and being forced to hunt, fish, and use other food sources that we used long ago, as well as ways of choosing and preparing food to avoid poisoning, are important as well.

6.Medicine

In addition to first aid kits whose contents we have described HERE, useful items include tablets for food poisoning or infections, lip balm, safety pins, tablets such as ibuprofen or aspirin, soap, disinfectant wipes, and similar products. However, it is also important to know how to recognize symptoms of health problems, take care of basic hygiene in nature, the importance of physical and psychological rest in stressful situations, as well as know the basics of providing first aid.

7.Communication

This part of the emergency kit includes equipment that can call for help, such as a mirror (for signaling), battery-powered flashlights with strobe lights, a whistle, signaling flares, etc., and of course, all available telecommunications equipment, mobile phones, handheld radio stations, and anything else that can help you to communicate in crisis communication.

8.Other

Strong adhesive tape (Duct tape), a compass, topographic maps, a notepad and pen, a needle and thread, money, spare glasses, and anything else that can be useful are usually found on lists used by both the military and civil organizations.

 

However, in all the equipment mentioned, which, of course, you can change and adapt to your needs so that it can also serve you when you are not in danger, it is important to practice survival techniques and learn to use the equipment that is available to you at the time. In addition to wilderness survival and navigation skills, it is good to inform yourself and try techniques for self-defense, navigation, basic Morse code, and to refresh your knowledge of first aid and other skills that are used by the military and rescue teams. Details on the military equipment and recommendations, as well as experiences of soldiers who have been through serious crisis situations, will be brought to you soon.