A whole new website where you can find all the informations about your safety – in one place.

Sigurno.info is a website that talks about general safety (sigurno = safe) . The site is still in development, but the main goals are:
1. To collect all the safety protocols and information in one place.
2. To be a reliable source of information.
3. To prevent initial panic.
4. To react better in case of accidents and emergency situations.

After the pandemic, followed by an earthquake in Croatia, a lot of people were left traumatized. Moreover, aggression on Ukraine that could escalate into a global conflict raises additional concerns. Can it get any worse than that? Some would argue that in situations like these, we shouldn’t scare people even further by writing about other potential accidents and emergency situations.

Even so, the goal of the Sigurno.info website is not to evoke a continuous state of worry, but rather the opposite – it’s to collect all the simple and quick tips on how to keep safe in crisis, and by doing that – achieve calm and quick reaction in emergency situations. You might be asking, is this even possible?

We think it is possible. In reality, people in Croatia who have already experienced the devastating consequences of war, in their lifetime also witnessed serious injuries, faced death, and had to worry about the health of their child, and the potential of losing a job or property.
Long time ago we used to laugh at the actions like “Nothing Can Surprise Us” organized by State Civil Protection in former Yugoslavia. We didn’t see the point in having underground shelters when the Second World War was forgotten long time ago, and we all complained about how unnecessary is to have mandatory military service. It turns out that “the devil never sleeps”, and that it’s always good to be ready and prepared for the various troubles in life.

Our website will be providing links to official data from state services that are in charge of different crisis protocols, as well as expert advice. Even if we consider that many of us are familiar with the basics of providing first aid (which we had to pass exam when acquiring our driver’s license), we believe that there is still a lot more to be said about safety. Our website Sigurno.info should become the ultimate security guide for your whole family and your property.
We will cover themes from the consequences of abuse in the workplace, domestic violence, theft, public violence and riots, up to the current war conflicts. Some of these issues can (at least to a certain degree) be managed if we are more informed and prepared for emergencies.

The concept of safety during a war conflict sounds like an oxymoron, and of course, no one can guarantee safety during global catastrophes, but quality information and preparation are the preconditions for minimizing risk. This can at least help us navigate through these dangerous situations a little bit better.

Sigurno.info was created by Croatian company Euro Communications from Samobor near Zagreb, and in collaboration with our expert associates who have many years of experience in different fields of public safety and security.

Stay tuned!

Credit card and mobile phone are not always enough while traveling

In today’s world, traveling has become so common that few people bother to prepare for possible problems. However, they can always arise even in well-known, seemingly safe destinations. We generally think – there is always money on the plastic card, we cannot get lost because we have a phone with navigation, and we can communicate in foreign languages in the same way. So, what could go wrong? Unless we lose that precious little thing with a colorful screen.

Our advice is: even when you feel safe, at least read the tips for safe travel.

1. Information and documents

  • Prepare for the trip, check the security situation in the country you are traveling to.
  • Find a security assessment with details about the current situation at your destination – in addition to the pages of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Republic of Croatia:
    Information from Ministry
  • To check individual destinations, you can use data from countries with a developed diplomatic and informative network of open access. For example:
    US info
  • or online travel service information such as:
    Travel information
  • Check if a visa is required for the country you are traveling to and what is the issuing process.
  • Check the validity of your passport (in some countries, Croatian citizens can travel with a valid ID card, provided that it is not older than 2003), however, some countries require the passport to be valid for another 3-6 months after entry.
  • Here you can find information from the Ministry of the Interior about countries that allow entry only with an ID card:
    Ministry of the Interior – crossing borders
  • Don’t forget that when entering another country, there may be an obligation to register the entry, and failing to do so may result in high fines and bans on entering certain countries.
  • Make a photocopy of your passport/ID card. The copy will make it easier and faster to obtain a travel document in case of loss or theft of the passport.
  • Check which Croatian embassy is competent for the country you are traveling to (write down the address and phone numbers).
  • Check which currencies are the means of payment in individual countries, whether it is possible to pay by credit card, and what is the minimum amount of money you need for your stay.
  • Inform your relatives and friends about the trip, and it is useful to leave contacts of a person in Croatia to whom the Ministry can turn in case of need.
  • If you are Croatian citizen, in case you are traveling to distant countries and security-risk areas, you can provide your travel plan to e-mail address: konzularni.poslovi@mvep.hr, so that the Embassy staff can contact you if needed. The Ministry recommends that you include the following information in such correspondence:
    • Your full name and mobile or phone number where you can be reached during your stay abroad.
    • Information on whether you are traveling through a tourist agency, on your own, or by any other means.
      Place and time of stay.
    • Hotel or other accommodation where you will be staying.
    • Notify your family of any changes to your plans or other information while traveling.
    • Use mobile location tracking and sharing applications during your trip.
    • Have important contacts printed on paper in case of theft, loss, or phone failure.
    • Make copies of the most important documents (ID card, passport, flight tickets, etc.)

2. Health

  • Check regulations related to local COVID procedures.
  • Get information about the health situation at your destination, as well as in case of health problems.
  • Bring your medications if you are taking any.
  • Collect information about health insurance conditions during your stay abroad on the website of the Croatian Institute for Health Insurance (www.hzzo.hr), and if necessary, obtain and bring the European Health Insurance Card (https://hzzo.hr/zdravstvena-zastita-u-inozemstvu).
  • Due to diseases caused by the COVID-19 virus, bird flu, influenza A (H1N1), SARS, Ebola, malaria, viral meningitis, and other similar diseases, obtain detailed information before traveling on the websites of the World Health Organization (www.who.int), and on the website of the Croatian Institute of Public Health (http://www.hzjz.hr/) to learn about vaccination options before leaving abroad.

3. Scams and thefts

  • Pickpockets, thieves, and scammers are active in most countries in tourist hotspots (train stations, tourist attractions, beaches, etc.).
  • Blend in with the environment, as experience shows that potential scammers target tourists who stand out, are unsure, confused, and easily deceived.
  • Be discreet in communication, do not reveal too much information about yourself, keep money, mobile phones, and valuables in a safe place.

4. Violence and laws

  • Although Croatia is one of the safest European countries, respect the laws and customs of the country you are traveling to, and when staying in Islamic countries, respect local dress and behavior customs. In some countries, there are laws that provide for long prison sentences, and even the death penalty for possession of drugs and other prohibited substances.
  • The danger of terrorism is global. Terrorist attacks are most often carried out in places where a large number of people gather (airports and train stations, tourist centers, religious gathering places, markets, etc.), and they often result in many civilian casualties. We advise you to seek information about the current situation in the country you are traveling to from all available sources before traveling.
  • Even when not traveling to countries with a low level of public safety, it is useful to inform yourself in advance about the basics of self-defense and tools that can help you in case of danger.
  • There are numerous courses, and among the globally most respected are skills such as Israeli Krav Maga:
    https://krav-maga.hr/
  • Special rules, courses, and information should be sought when traveling to crisis areas affected by war conflicts, unrest, frequent demonstrations, low levels of public security, and generally higher security risks (especially robberies, kidnappings, and other forms of crime).

5. Transportation

  • If you are traveling with a tourist agency, check their information about the situation at the destination.
    Some agencies that sell airline tickets have a well-organized 24-hour global support service for passengers, so you can contact them in case of problems, for example – especially known for the quality of travel support is the Zagreb travel agency Sunčana Vura:
    https://www.suncanavura.com/
  • Check information on air traffic safety at:

https://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/air/safety/air-ban_en

http://www.iata.org/whatwedo/safety/pages/index.aspx

  • or services for checking restrictions when entering a particular country (especially in air transport, with an overview of COVID-19-related restrictions, visas, and similar limitations) such as:
    https://www.iatatravelcentre.com
    https://www.traveldoc.aero/
  • Inform yourself about potential transportation problems to the destination, announced strikes, demonstrations, weather conditions, traffic conditions, traffic problems, and other risks that may disrupt your travel.
  • Regardless of whether you are traveling with a tourist agency or on your own arrangement, consider travel insurance carefully. There are different types of insurance that cover risks ranging from car breakdowns to the costs of treatment in case of an accident (especially in cases of sports activities such as skiing and similar), so inquire about the conditions in agencies and with insurers. The details of insured cases are important, as are the areas of application of intergovernmental agreements, given that for some emergency medical interventions in the EU, your European Health Insurance Card applies, which you can find out more about here: EU Health Insurance Card

6. Natural disasters

  • In some countries, natural disasters such as severe storms, avalanches, extreme heat or cold, floods, earthquakes, and other natural phenomena are common, so information about such areas should be sought in a timely manner as well as evacuation and communication plans should be made, and you should read the instructions from local emergency services on how to behave in crisis situations.
  • As well as other European countries Croatia have the same phone number 112 for all emergency services (police, fire department, ambulance, mountain rescue and civil protection).

Members of the Croatian Mountain Rescue Service are often perceived by injured individuals as angels from heaven who have come to save them.

Volunteers – rescuers

Members of the Croatian Mountain Rescue Service (HGSS) are often seen by the people they have helped as angels from heaven who have come to save them. And rightfully so. These individuals are always ready to help, willing to board a helicopter, jeep, or boat in the middle of the night, taking on risks to their own lives just to assist someone in distress. Furthermore, they do not receive any salary for such dangerous work. They are volunteers, something that few people understand today.

In addition, they strive to share their knowledge and advice with everyone. On their website at https://www.hgss.hr/, you can find a wealth of useful information. Here, we highlight the basic tips regarding actions to take in the event of an accident:

 

In case of an accident:

  1. Maintain composure and calm yourself and others.
  2. Protect the injured person and yourself from immediate danger (such as falling, falling rocks, suffocation, cold, moisture, etc.) in the best possible way.
  3. Provide first aid to the injured person within the limits of your knowledge and capabilities.
  4. Mark the location of the accident or the location where the injured person is (especially in winter).
  5. Urgently notify HGSS about the accident – call 112.

 

Notification of an accident in the mountains or other difficult-to-access terrain where assistance from the Croatian Mountain Rescue Service (HGSS) is needed can be made:

  • Through the Unified Operational Communication Center at phone number 112.
  • Through the designated phone numbers of the Croatian Mountain Rescue Service stations (HGSS).
  • At HGSS information points, which are usually equipped mountain lodges marked with the HGSS logo and sign.
  • Via the police at phone 192.
  • Through emergency medical service stations at phone 194.
  • To any member of the Croatian Mountain Rescue Service (red jacket with HGSS logo and sign).

 

The accident report should include the following information:

  1. Name, surname, and telephone/mobile number of the person making the report for further contact.
  2. The source of information about the accident (as a witness or intermediary).
  3. The location of the accident (precise description).
  4. Information about the injured person (surname, name, age, address).
  5. Description of what happened (cause and type of injuries).
  6. Actions taken so far (type of initial first aid provided, who has been notified).
  7. Weather conditions at the accident site.
  8. Access route to the accident site.

 

Call for help:

In the mountains or on cliffs, a call for help is given through light or sound signals. The call and response should be repeated until a clear and intelligible connection is established. Call signals are given six times per minute, every other minute, and the response signals are given three times per minute, every other minute. Assuming the “Y” position (upright body with raised outstretched arms) signifies that assistance is needed, as well as firing a red flare.

Important advice for victims of violence against women – what to do and who to turn to?

Violence against women in the family or workplace is a problem that is talked about a lot today, but little is done about it. It’s sad to hear that Croatia is among the three countries in the European Union with the highest number of murdered women per capita. The murder of a woman is mostly the culmination of years of violence that begins with psychological abuse, insults, and taking control of the partner’s psyche and finances, and continues with physical violence. One blow usually never remains the last. At the moment when the partner uses force, the woman is already mentally and emotionally trapped and unable to leave. Witnesses often lacks understanding and does not want to get involved, and prejudices and cynical comments about women who “daring the devil” certainly do not encourage anyone to seek protection.

Because of all of that, if you are a victim of violence in Croatia:

  • Report the violence to the police.
  • Don’t blame yourself for not leaving earlier or not reporting it earlier.
  • Seek advice from one of the free helpline numbers for assistance:
  • Women’s Counseling Center: 0800 55 44
  • Telephone for Victims of Sexual Violence: 01 6119 444
  • Women’s Aid Now: 0800 655 222
  • SOS Telephone for Victims of Human Trafficking: 0800 77 99 SOS
  • Helpline for Women:
    • Karlovac – 047 600 392
    • Pakrac – 034 411 780
    • Poreč – 052 452 746
    • Rijeka – 051 211 888
    • Sisak – 044 888 888
    • Slavonski Brod – 035 449 180
    • Split – 021 537 272
    • Vukovar – 032 414 910
    • Zadar – 023 332 059
  • Seek psychosocial support, legal advice, and accommodation in a shelter.

Important: The most dangerous moment for a woman is when she leaves the abuser, so it is important to prepare well. It usually takes years for a woman to gather the courage to report and leave. No, it won’t get better. No, he won’t change for the better. People only change if they want to themselves, with psychosocial support. When you decide to leave the cycle of violence and immediately leave the abuser, don’t forget to take with you:

  • Items that are exclusively your personal belongings
  • Official documents (passport, yours and your children’s health insurance cards, ID card, marriage certificate, property ownership documents, children’s birth certificates, school records, and any other necessary documents)
  • Necessary medications
  • Keys
  • Money
  • Essential clothing and footwear
  • Your child’s favorite toy, school bag, and books.

You can find important advice for victims of violence on the Ministry of Interior’s website (on Croatian): –> HERE

You can find a well-made brochure with tips here (Croatian): –> HERE

Recently, after the insane threats of nuclear weapons from Russia, posters have appeared in public places in American cities with instructions in case of radiation hazard.

Although people are already driven crazy by constant, increasingly worse news that is often exaggerated, even the worst-case scenarios should simply be considered as service information. If we know what kind of disasters can happen to us in life, it doesn’t mean we have to constantly think about them. But it’s important, for example, to know the number for emergency services and how to provide first aid to our loved ones until professional rescuers arrive.

It is understood that people in our country, which not so long ago experienced all the horrors of war, are sensitive to the possibility of aggression. But then we learned that shelters are not an unnecessary investment that interests only some preppers (prepper – a person who intensively prepares for an imminent cataclysm or the collapse of civilization, and plans a way of survival), but a useful thing that can save our lives.

The danger of radiation is a good practical example of the importance of the proper application of the warning system. If, for example, danger sirens start wailing in the middle of the night, this does not mean that you should immediately run out of the house and see what is happening, but first get well informed through verified sources and credible media – what the danger is and what we should do. The Americans thus wrote three short instructions to their citizens on posters:

In case of radiation hazard:

  1. Take shelter indoors.
  2. Stay inside.
  3. Listen to official information.

It is therefore clear that in the event of a fire, one should quickly leave the room, in the event of radiation, enter the house, and in the event of an earthquake, first take shelter where we are, and then go outside, being careful of possible collapse. It’s not bad to rehearse such scenarios or at least talk about them with your housemates.

It is also worth noting that every first Saturday of the month at noon in Croatia, a test of the alarm system is held. For example, it would be good for visitors to Zagreb to know that at noon when the cannon is fired on the famous Lotrscak tower and then the sirens sound – they should not immediately rush to the shelters.

In addition to panic, it is even more dangerous to take medicines such as tablets of stable iodine (potassium iodide) on your own, as after the Russian announcement of the possible use of atomic weapons there was a rush to pharmacies in our country and looking for pills. Namely, they should be taken exclusively according to the instructions of the doctor or competent institutions and only in certain cases (depending on the distance from the radiation source, the age of the patient, contraindications and other details), because otherwise they can cause serious health problems.

Disinformation is becoming one of the most significant security threats today.

Reliable information is extremely important for all security topics. When it comes to dealing with crisis situations, it is often said that the three most important activities are: 1. Planning and preparation, 2. Equipping and securing the conditions for protection, and 3. Truthful and credible information about the situation.

At first glance, it is easier today to obtain detailed data on any topic than ever before. However, the flood of fake news, intentional or accidental errors in the transmission of information, large amounts of half-truths and lies, which are present in all areas, has spread so much that it is necessary to invest a lot of effort, time, resources, and often the latest technology, to get to the real truth.

Special warfare methods and techniques (terms such as hybrid, cyber, and psychological warfare) are increasingly present in the public space, used today to create false images in the public that are sometimes needed by frequently mentioned but rarely defined “centers of power”. However, due to the availability of modern technology that has enabled mass communication at low cost, sometimes there are banal reasons for disinformations, in some cases groups and individuals hungry for power or achieving some low-minded daily goals, but it is often just – plain human stupidity.

The problem is that it is not always easy to determine the true background of the information we receive, so various computer tools, software, artificial intelligence, and entire professional organizations for fact-checking are increasingly being used. Of course, after checking the credibility, the organizations that perform the media content check are under attack, accused of manipulation, and the story revolves in a cycle of eternal mutual accusations.

A special problem is the occurrence of false information in extraordinary situations such as the appearance of new infectious diseases when multiple verified scientific information is not yet available, or even experts themselves disagree on ways to solve the problem. Everyone is shouting “Fake news!” at each other. This is enough for confusing and contradictory information to accumulate in the public, and people do not know who to believe.

Recent analyses of communication experts speak of the phenomenon of an “infodemic” (a term derived from the words information and epidemic), which is today also described as the occurrence of spreading of dangerous disinformation that can have serious consequences for the health and even existence of people.

Given the seriousness of the situation, more and more scientists are being included in the analysis of credibility, speaking about types of information disorders, the differences between intentional disinformation, unintentional misinformation, and malevolent misinformation with the intention of causing harm. The most well-known cases that are still the subject of analysis today include the Brexit campaign for the UK’s exit from the EU, presidential elections and manipulations that led to the insurrection and breach of the US Congress, as well as misinformation about the pandemic, and no less the current aggression against Ukraine, in which a wide-ranging intelligence global war is being fought with information and disinformation alongside military conflicts.

However, no matter how serious the topics on safety portals may be, it is important to maintain a positive attitude and not allow saturation with negative information, fear, and constant worry, because this can also have (and already has) negative consequences on the quality of life, but also on an appropriate response in situations where a “cool head” is needed.

Therefore, this is not about a “crime chronicle” with exclusively bad news, but rather the opposite – an attempt to objectively inform and calm people, but also to teach them to think calmly and make the right decisions in critical situations, even when it is not easy to mantain self-control.

It is especially important not to scare children and young people, and to present all conversations about negative topics in the right way through play and entertainment, as well as tailored to their age, so we are preparing appropriate content for them. Until then, try to carefully check every piece of information related to your safety.

Among the best survival equipment lists have always been detailed military manuals.

Hikers, hunters, and all those who frequently spend time in nature already know how to survive in adverse conditions. However, it is well known that the military has elaborately developed procedures and written instructions for all situations and survival in all circumstances. Although you can find other short instructions on emergency kits on our pages, this is a compilation of various survival kits based on standard military instructions.

Military survival kits usually consist of several parts, which can be used separately or all together. It is clear that under normal circumstances, you cannot carry a backpack with survival equipment with you all day, and it does matter how heavy each part of the kit is, what small items you can always carry with you, and what to keep in your home or car. Therefore, planning is essential.

Parts of military survival kits:

1.Types of bags

The bag should be large enough to fit all parts of the kit, yet not too big and heavy to carry. It should be waterproof and easily accessible in case of a quick exit. Of course, there are also smaller bags that can be worn around the waist, in a business bag, or in a car, depending on the purpose and circumstances.

2.Water

This topic includes information on possible sources of drinking water, basic equipment for collecting, carrying and purifying water, and a range of products available on the market, about which more information, tests, and recommendations based on military standards will be provided on our website in the future.

3.Fire

For heating, drying clothes, and preparing food, a kit should include a lighter, waterproof matches, a striker, and similar ignition tools, as well as a magnifying glass that can also be used to start a fire on a sunny day. Study what can be used as fuel, how to start a fire in the absence of tools, and what else can help when you need a fire.

4. Shelter

The primary shelter is actually the clothes you have, and it is important to know how to choose a place to shelter, types of shelters, as well as natural shelters. In survival gear, an important part is preparing a shelter, such as a tent wing or nylon protection of the same purpose, climbing ropes, raincoats, lightweight blankets, but also auxiliary tools such as a stronger hunting knife, an ax or machete, a lightweight mosquito net, wire saw, and similar equipment.

5.Food

In addition to the usual part consisting of long lasting cans, energy bars, and similar products, the kit should also include eating utensils (military sets with utensils and a canteen are good), can openers, as well as equipment such as fishing hooks, aluminum foil, plastic bags, and other small items that can be used to prepare and store food in field conditions. Of course, instructions on how to survive without any prepared food and being forced to hunt, fish, and use other food sources that we used long ago, as well as ways of choosing and preparing food to avoid poisoning, are important as well.

6.Medicine

In addition to first aid kits whose contents we have described HERE, useful items include tablets for food poisoning or infections, lip balm, safety pins, tablets such as ibuprofen or aspirin, soap, disinfectant wipes, and similar products. However, it is also important to know how to recognize symptoms of health problems, take care of basic hygiene in nature, the importance of physical and psychological rest in stressful situations, as well as know the basics of providing first aid.

7.Communication

This part of the emergency kit includes equipment that can call for help, such as a mirror (for signaling), battery-powered flashlights with strobe lights, a whistle, signaling flares, etc., and of course, all available telecommunications equipment, mobile phones, handheld radio stations, and anything else that can help you to communicate in crisis communication.

8.Other

Strong adhesive tape (Duct tape), a compass, topographic maps, a notepad and pen, a needle and thread, money, spare glasses, and anything else that can be useful are usually found on lists used by both the military and civil organizations.

 

However, in all the equipment mentioned, which, of course, you can change and adapt to your needs so that it can also serve you when you are not in danger, it is important to practice survival techniques and learn to use the equipment that is available to you at the time. In addition to wilderness survival and navigation skills, it is good to inform yourself and try techniques for self-defense, navigation, basic Morse code, and to refresh your knowledge of first aid and other skills that are used by the military and rescue teams. Details on the military equipment and recommendations, as well as experiences of soldiers who have been through serious crisis situations, will be brought to you soon.